Designing SocialMediaLink in OOP

Beginning of Software Design

Requirement: Design an Actor class which has personal details and social media links.

A note on design:

The current design, with direct properties for each social media link and separate methods for updating/removing each, is more rigid and might lead to more boilerplate code as the number of social media platforms increases.

This design has some potential disadvantages:

  1. Rigidity:
    • If you wanted to add support for another social media platform, you'd have to modify the Actor class, adding a new property and accompanying methods to update and remove the link. This breaks the Open/Closed Principle (OCP) of SOLID, which states that a class should be open for extension but closed for modification.
  2. Duplication:
    • The IsValidLink method is invoked in every UpdateXXXLink method. If the validation logic changes, it will be correctly applied across all methods, but the repetitive structure is a red flag that there might be a more elegant design solution.
  3. No Single Responsibility:
    • The Actor class is currently handling both the data representation of an actor and the management and validation of links. This can be seen as a violation of the Single Responsibility Principle (SRP) of SOLID. Ideally, an Actor shouldn't have to be concerned with the intricacies of URL validation.
  4. Null State Ambiguity:
    • Using null to represent the absence of a link can lead to potential null reference exceptions if not handled properly elsewhere in the code. While setting the value to null does represent the absence of a value, it requires other parts of your application to consistently check for null before using a link.
  5. Lack of History/Tracking:
    • In the current design, there's no way to keep track of changes to an actor's social media links. If link history or auditing is a requirement (either now or in the future), this design would need to be significantly refactored.
  6. Potential for Incomplete Removals:
    • If a developer forgets to call the removal method, old data might remain in the system. In the design where links were contained in a list, you could have just cleared the list or removed specific items, ensuring all links of that type were removed.
  7. Scalability Concerns:
    • As new properties or methods are added, this class will grow, making it harder to maintain. A larger class tends to be more error-prone and harder to debug.


A more flexible approach would involve encapsulating the behaviour and data of social media links into their own classes (as shown in the next designs). It allows for easier additions of new link types, centralized validation logic, and a clearer separation of concerns.

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Visitor Design Pattern Notes

Visitor classes are commonly used to perform operations on a set of objects without modifying the structure of their underlying classes.

Visitor Design Pattern allows you to add new operations(behaviours) via Visitor classes to existing classes without modifying their structure. Instead of adding the operation within the existing class, you create a visitor class named as operation you want to have in existing class, so that the operation is externalised from a set of objects without modifying the structure of their underlying classes.

Visitor Design Pattern is more about adding new operations to existing classes via Visitor classes without modifying their structure, rather than adding new fields or methods directly to the classes themselves.

Consider a system where you have a hierarchy of classes representing different shapes, like Circle, Rectangle, and Triangle. Each of these shapes implements Visitable interface(or its equivalent) to allow visitor classes to operate on them.

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Node.js nut-ioc usage

nut-ioc npm package is a simple, lightweight and fast IoC Container Framework.

nut-ioc injects dependencies run-time so that developers don't need to require modules.

Developers can implement in their codes following OOP basics, principles, patterns and concepts and probably more than that 🙂

  • Separation of Concern(SoC)
  • Single Responsibility Principle(SRP)
  • Open Closed Principle
  • Dipendency Inversion(Injection) Principle(DIP)
  • Chain of Responsibility Pattern
  • Aspect Oriented Programming

you can reach github repository.

Installing nut-ioc with npm

npm i nut-ioc

Demo GitHub Repository

You can find different usages of nut-ioc framework in separate brances.

Branch list
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Node.js nut-pipe usage

nut-pipe npm package is an implementation of Chain of Responsibility Pattern. We can encapsulate or wrap every aspect of code in separate module or class or function, etc. So that, separated aspect modules would implement Single Responsibility Principle(SRP) and Seperation of Concern Principle(SoC) properly.

🙂 so if you want to implement OOP basics and principles, then you can use nut.pipe npm package.

This design provides to developer clean business logic code. They don't need to think about Error, Exception, Log handling business logic. Before their business logic code is called, pipeline is called and it means first middleware is triggered then first middleware will trigger next one, but no middleware knows about next middleware. Middleware should know about its business logic then should call next one.

I know too much words but developers want to see code 🙂 same code will be developed in different ways.

Code example v1

I wrote a greeting service with sayHello() and sayGoodbye() functions. They include all business logic in their body. This is not good approach definitely. Code duplications are everywhere 🙂 For example, every functions have try/catch, console.log('ENTRY: …'), console.log('SUCCESS: …'), console.log('ERROR: …'), etc. Notice that getFullName doesn't contain these business logics. So, we can't know whether it is called or not. If developer like me 🙂 doesn't write these kind of aspects(logging and exception handling is kind of aspect) then we never understand that that method is called in run-time.

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Designing OOP Step by Step

I read Head First Design Patterns book shown as below. It is pretty good reference of Design Patterns. If you want to be familiar of Design Patterns, i recommend it definitely. This post contains some examples of this book but in a different presentation. When I want to remember fundamentals of Design Patterns, this post will remind me 🙂 I hope that you will benefit from this post.

I will create a class diagram and improve it step by step.

If you don't want to read all paragraphs, you just view class diagrams and code samples step by step. But, i heavily recommend to read and think of this post 🙂

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