How to install Java

Downloading and Installing Java from OpenJDK

if you want to download OpenJDK manually, download it from

But you can download JDK programmatically as the following. Java SE 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13 are included below script. So, run below script in your terminal.

# Java SE 7

# Java SE 8

# Java SE 9

# Java SE 10

# Java SE 11

# Java SE 12

# Java SE 13

mkdir /usr/lib/jvm

# Extract all downloaded jdk files
tar -xvzf openjdk-7u75-b13-linux-x64-18_dec_2014.tar.gz -C /usr/lib/jvm

tar -xvzf openjdk-8u40-b25-linux-x64-10_feb_2015.tar.gz -C /usr/lib/jvm

tar -xvzf openjdk-9.0.4_linux-x64_bin.tar.gz -C /usr/lib/jvm

tar -xvzf openjdk-10.0.2_linux-x64_bin.tar.gz -C /usr/lib/jvm

tar -xvzf openjdk-11.0.2_linux-x64_bin.tar.gz -C /usr/lib/jvm

tar -xvzf openjdk-12.0.2_linux-x64_bin.tar.gz -C /usr/lib/jvm

tar -xvzf openjdk-13_linux-x64_bin.tar.gz -C /usr/lib/jvm

# Remove downloaded jdk files
rm openjdk*

# Install Java and Java Compiler to Environment
update-alternatives --install /usr/bin/java java /usr/lib/jvm/java-se-7u75-ri/bin/java 1

update-alternatives --install /usr/bin/javac javac /usr/lib/jvm/java-se-7u75-ri/bin/javac 1

update-alternatives --install /usr/bin/java java /usr/lib/jvm/java-se-8u40-ri/bin/java 2

update-alternatives --install /usr/bin/javac javac /usr/lib/jvm/java-se-8u40-ri/bin/javac 2

update-alternatives --install /usr/bin/java java /usr/lib/jvm/jdk-9.0.4/bin/java 3

update-alternatives --install /usr/bin/javac javac /usr/lib/jvm/jdk-9.0.4/bin/javac 3

update-alternatives --install /usr/bin/java java /usr/lib/jvm/jdk-10.0.2/bin/java 4

update-alternatives --install /usr/bin/javac javac /usr/lib/jvm/jdk-10.0.2/bin/javac 4

update-alternatives --install /usr/bin/java java /usr/lib/jvm/jdk-11.0.2/bin/java 5

update-alternatives --install /usr/bin/javac javac /usr/lib/jvm/jdk-11.0.2/bin/javac 5

update-alternatives --install /usr/bin/java java /usr/lib/jvm/jdk-12.0.2/bin/java 6

update-alternatives --install /usr/bin/javac javac /usr/lib/jvm/jdk-12.0.2/bin/javac 6

update-alternatives --install /usr/bin/java java /usr/lib/jvm/jdk-13/bin/java 7

update-alternatives --install /usr/bin/javac javac /usr/lib/jvm/jdk-13/bin/javac 7

# Verify Java and Java Compiler Installation
# check if java command is pointing to correct path in system
update-alternatives --display java
update-alternatives --display javac

# List all environment variables
update-alternatives --get-selections
# or
update-alternatives --get-selections | grep java
# or
update-alternatives --get-selections | grep ^java

Check Java Version

# Verify if Java is running
java -version

# Verify if Java Compiler is running
javac -version

IBM Cloud – API Connect – Developer Portal Usage

I have already mentioned many details about IBM API Connect service in this post But, I tried to emphasize some details more clearly. There is a sequential structure in IBM API Connect. That is Cloud Foundry Organisations => Spaces => Catalogs => Products => APIs. In this case, if we want to find any API, we need to know Cloud Foundry Org, Space, Catalog, Product respectively so that we can find our API.

Cloud Foundry Orgs

Cloud Foundry Orgs can be find under Account and Cloud Foundry orgs menu as shown below screenshot. In my case, I have 4 Cloud Foundry Orgs. As I said preceding, there is spaces under Organisations. So, there is 1 space in APIGateway-dev organisation and 2 spaces in organisation. APIGateway-dev2 and APIGateway-dev3 don't have any spaces.

So, let's see APIGateway-dev org details in the following screenshot.

This screenshot shows APIGateway-dev Users. There is also Space Users.
There is only one user in red space. This means that we nee give access any user organisation level first and later space level. Let say we have dev, test, preprod and prod spaces. We can give access to developers only for dev and test not for preprod and prod so that APIs can be deployed by deployment team.
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Java – Difference between equals() method and == operator

"==" operator compares 2 objects memory reference. Now, lets have a look at the simple example below:

Example 1:

String str1 = "test";

String str2 = "test";

if (str1 == str2) {
System.out.println("str1 == str2 is TRUE");
} else {
System.out.println("str1 == str2 is FALSE");


str1 == str2 is TRUE

Example 2:

String str1 = new String("test");

String str2 = new String("test");

if (str1 == str2) {
System.out.println("str1 == str2 is TRUE");
} else {
System.out.println("str1 == str2 is FALSE");


str1 == str2 is FALSE

In the code above, Outputs of Example 1 and Example 2 are different. Because, when you create String, JVM searches that literal in String pool, if it matches, same reference will be given to that new String. So, Example 1 output is TRUE.

In Example 2, the output is FALSE. Because, 2 objects refer to different memory location.

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Creating Simple Web Project Using Nodejs, Gulp, CoffeeScript, SASS, Less, Stylus, Jade, Haml, Express Framework etc.

This article purpose is to create a web project using some popular technologies. So, after read this article, you will be informed how you can use these technologies together. (Nodejs, Gulp, CoffeeScript, SASS/SCSS, Less, Stylus, Jade, Haml, Express Web Framework, etc.). Maybe you will change point of view and start to discover more.

Firstly, I think that we should have a package manager. So, I will use Chocolatey in Windows. If you don't have in your computer, you can read

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